40. provided--with divine forethought from eternity (compare Genesis 22:8 Genesis 22:14 ). 23. parents--So the Septuagint has the plural, namely, Amram and Jochebed ( Numbers 26:59 ); but in Exodus 2:2 , the mother alone is mentioned; but doubtless Amram sanctioned all she did, and secrecy. worlds--literally, "ages"; all that exists in time and space, visible and invisible, present and eternal. In particular, this segment of the book of Hebrews focuses on those who heard from God, obeyed, and were blessed. 36. others--of a different class of confessors for the truth (the Greek is different from that for "others," Hebrews 11:35 , alloi, heteroi). From the antediluvian saints he passes to the patriarchs of Israel, to whom "the promises" belonged. The "wherefore" does not mean that God's good pleasure is the meritorious, but the gracious, consequence of their obedience (that obedience being the result of His Spirit's work in them in the first instance). in sheepskins--as Elijah ( 1 Kings 19:13 , Septuagint). A fuller, more ample sacrifice, that which partook more largely and essentially of the true nature and virtue of sacrifice [ARCHBISHOP MAGEE]. Hebrews 11:4 By faith Abel offered God a better sacrifice than Cain did. Their perfecting in soul at, and ever after Christ's death, took place, and takes place at their death. Hebrews 11:1 is linked to the rest of the chapter with the repetitive phrase “by faith” (pistei, πίστει), which describes the actions and attitudes of Israel’s ancestors. 28. kept--Greek, "hath kept," the Passover being, in Paul's day, still observed. Hebrews 4:9; and see Exodus 3:15, and Matthew 22:31-32.) JEROME justly reprobates the notion of modern Rome, that Jacob worshipped the top of Joseph's staff, having on it an image of Joseph's power, to which Jacob bowed in recognition of the future sovereignty of his son's tribe, the father bowing to the son! It is needful for persons to be seriously religious; to despise the world, when most capable of relishing and enjoying it. Noah's faith influenced his practice; it moved him to prepare an ark. now--as the case is. that God is--is the true self-existing Jehovah (as contrasted with all so-called gods, not gods, Galatians 4:8 ), the source of all being, though he sees Him not ( Hebrews 11:1 ) as being "invisible" ( Hebrews 11:27 ). dead, yet speaketh--His blood crying front the ground to God, shows how precious, because of his "faith," he was still in God's sight, even when dead. Faith of the Ancients. This verse gives a definition of the "only-begotten Son" ( Hebrews 11:17 ). . Shall we be most amazed at the wickedness of human nature, that it is capable of such awful cruelties to fellow-creatures, or at the excellence of Divine grace, that is able to bear up the faithful under such cruelties, and to carry them safely through all? And then the writer illustrates this in verse 3 when he says that "we understand by faith" that God created the world. So far from faith being opposed to Moses, he was an eminent example of it [BENGEL]. The sacrifice seems to have been a holocaust, and the sign of the divine acceptance of it was probably the consumption of it by fire from heaven ( Genesis 15:17 ). As our advantages, with the better things God has provided for us, are so much beyond theirs, so should our obedience of faith, patience of hope, and labour of love, be greater. Proving the truth that the old fathers did not, as some assert, "look only for transitory promises" [Article VII, Book of Common Prayer]. Now as these did not receive the promise of entering literal Canaan, some other promise made in the first ages, and often repeated, must be that meant, namely, the promise of a coming Redeemer made to Adam, namely, "the seed of the woman shall bruise the serpent's head." And the Maccabees, the sons of Matthias, Judas, Jonathan, and Simon, who delivered the Jews from their cruel oppressor, Antiochus of Syria. Not "the promises," which are still future ( Hebrews 11:13 Hebrews 11:39 ). But the universal and final perfecting will not take place till Christ's coming. Above all, let them take care that they are not a shame and reproach to their God. Many things which they hoped for and did not see, subsequently came to pass and were conspicuously seen, the event confirming faith [BENGEL]. Hezekiah (Isaiah 37:1-38:22'). His faith condemned the unbelief of others; and his obedience condemned their contempt and rebellion. as in a strange country--a country not belonging to him, but to others (so the Greek), Acts 7:5 Acts 7:6 . This view of faith is explained by many examples of persons in former times, who obtained a good report, or an honourable character in the word of God. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. . (1-3) It is set forth by instances from Abel to Noah. being their object, he did not appear prominent in what was done. 26. Hebrews 11:13-19 The Promises of Faith. stopped the mouths of lions--Note the words, "because he believed in his God." sword--So Jephthah ( Judges 12:3 ); and so David escaped Saul's sword ( 1 Samuel 18:11 , 1 Samuel 19:10 1 Samuel 19:12 ); Elijah ( 1 Kings 19:1 , &c. 2 Kings 6:14 ). Hebrews 11:7-12 The Demonstration of Faith. His wish was fulfilled ( Joshua 24:32 , Acts 4:16 ). Adam is passed over in silence here as to his faith, perhaps as being the first who fell and brought sin on us all; though it does not follow that he did not repent and believe the promise. 3. we understand--We perceive with our spiritual intelligence the fact of the world's creation by God, though we see neither Him nor the act of creation as described in Genesis 1:1-31 . These all — Namely, Abraham and Sarah, with their children, Isaac and Jacob; died in faith — Believing that God would fulfil his promises; but not having received the promises — That is, the things promised, for which the word promises is here put by a usual metonymy. Hebrews 11:30-35 By Faith They Overcame. Right through the chapter of Israel as his and ought to have respect to ''. God ’ s decidedly chose the latter all '' can hardly hebrews 11 meaning include,. 21. both the sons -- Greek, `` but '' ; and the same is greater... 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