types of salmon to eat

In 2017, it was the highest value commercial seafood species, equating to $688 million in revenues. It will crisp up nicely when you pan-roast, pan-fry or grill your salmon. Ranging in hue from pink to orange with a mild flavor, farm-raised salmon is available year-round, often ringing in at right around $13 a pound. Pink salmons’ habitats include coastal and fresh waters (lakes). Cook Salmon, and Farmed Canadian Salmon to name a few. “It’s not bred to fit into packaging or conform to anyone’s will.”, According to NOAA, farm-raised salmon and trout has greatly improved over the years. 14) Black Sea Salmon . All Rights Reserved. “It can be almost custardy with so much fat and so much foundational flavor,” says Stein. They’re a lighter, pale color so it may not look as appealing in the case as say, sockeye salmon. But you can also broil it to get it a little crispy and carmelized (which is great for any sauces or marinades you may be using). The three popular types of wild Alaskan salmon are king salmon (chinook salmon), silverbite (chum salmon), and sockeye salmon (red salmon). With high-fat content, it has a rich flavor and buttery texture. But what else is there to know about this popular protein? Far… There’s also sushi-grade salmon which is flash-frozen in order to prevent harmful bacteria and kill parasites so that it’s safe to consume raw. There’s also an argument for sustainably farmed salmon that’s been frozen over unsustainably farmed salmon in the case. Many of Monterey Bay Aquarium’s Seafood Watch “Best Choice” picks for salmon are actually raised on farms nowadays. Please read my disclosure policy. What to know: Pink-orange flesh, often affordable, varies in flavor. Nutritionists tout salmon for its health benefits. Cimarusti recommends cooking Sockeye fillets (or any salmon filets) on a hot, well-oiled grill, brushed on both sides with a whisper-thin layer of mayonnaise, seasoned with salt and pepper, starting with the skin side down first. So, there are six types of Salmon in North America: five Pacific Salmon, one Atlantic Salmon. Research shows eating salmon daily prevents ADHD symptoms and can boost academic performance [6]. The pink-orange flesh looks remarkably similar to Atlantic salmon filets, but they can grow to over 50-pounds. “They are calmer, more efficient, more disease resistant, grow faster and have higher fillet yields among other traits,” says Mike Rust, NOAA Fisheries Office of Aquaculture. Because Norway originally pioneered Atlantic salmon farming, smoked salmon from all over the world is labeled –incorrectly- Norwegian smoked salmon. Large salmon will feed on herring, krill and other types of fish. Farm-raised salmon means what it says. Also called silver salmon because of the skin color. Because it has a little less fat than king salmon, it also has a more mild fish flavor. To prepare you for this year’s wild salmon season, which just started ramping up in Washington and Oregon’s Columbia River, we spoke to three West Coast seafood specialists to put together a handy guide to every type of salmon one can find in the United States. But among all of the diverse sea life out there, salmon has a distinct color and flavor that sets it apart from the rest. Pink salmons feed on squid, small fish, zooplankton, and small crustaceans. Salmo salmon is also known as Atlantic salmon, but fishermen are no longer allowed to commercially fish for it. Silver as it may be, the flesh is bright red. In other words, it’s the good stuff. Significantly smaller than Kings, not as fatty and generally leaner, full-grown Sockeyes start around five or six pounds on up to 15. It is a small salmon as compared to other types of salmon fishes and tastes similar to the different varieties. At large chain stores, some people will argue it’s actually safer to buy the frozen salmon than what you see in the case because you can control when you defrost it — it’s less vulnerable to bacteria, assuming you properly defrost it at home. 1. Today, "Wild" salmon has lost it's "wildness" due to the dams in the NW. But it would probably be safe to say the average consumer knows little about the pretty pink fish sitting atop their dinner plate. The average weight of a King salmon is 40 pounds, but they can weigh as much as 135-pounds or as little as 20-something. Also known as red salmon because of it’s bright red-orange flesh, sockeye salmon has the fishiest scent and flavor of all the types of salmon. Pink salmon is also referred to as humpback salmon (that’s right, the name isn’t just for whales). this link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. There are chefs, like Cimarusti, who won’t use any fish other than wild-caught. The Types of Salmon in North America: Summing Up. Atlantic salmon The Atlantic salmon has large black spots on the gill cover. Boost your salmon vocabulary and learn the difference between King, Sockeye, Coho, and more. Types of Salmon. Coho salmon doesn’t get the recognition that fatty King and bold Sockeye does, but it has a lot going for it. Some of its well-known benefits are: But it’s best known for the roe, which is fish eggs found in the salmon’s belly. Chum salmon goes by several alternate names such as ‘dog salmon’, ‘keta’, and ‘silverbrite,’ and it is native to the Pacific ocean. Salmon is by far the most popular fish in the United States. The latter tends to result in healthier, happier fish with more nutrients. Salmon is a great alternative to red meat because it’s a nutrient-dense food that can help raise good cholesterol levels. Pregnant and nursing mothers should also eat salmon to boost their children's learning capability and academic performance [9]. “It’s incredibly variable, which to me, is what makes working with wild fish so intriguing and special,” he says. More fishermen are also starting to process chum filets, but it’s not as common. It’s a smaller breed with less fat. Meanwhile, not all wild-caught salmon are treated equally either. Farm-raised salmon versus wild-caught salmon. According to the FDA, if you do buy fresh salmon, you can store it in the refrigerator for up to two days at 40 degrees [source]. It’s mostly used to produce canned salmon products, but it can be eaten as filets as well. In addition to its flavor and versatility, salmon can be super sustainable, whether it's fresh from the waters of Alaska or farmed in fisheries. Farm-Raised: Fish that are endangered in the wild are often raised in aquacultures, or “fish farms,” to control overfishing. After that, get it in the freezer if you don’t plan to cook it. It’s a common practice — sometimes the additive is still natural, other times it’s not. Sockeye, an oilier fish with deep-red flesh, has a stronger flavor and stands up well to grilling. Hi, I'm Jessica Gavin, a certified culinary scientist and author. Health Benefits of Eating Salmon Salmon not only comes in so many varieties but is equally beneficial to our body. There are plenty of fish in the sea, and we're not talking about your dating prospects. Sockeye, coho and king salmon have the deepest color orange whereas pink and chum salmon (most often canned) are the lightest. Sockeye salmon are known for their bright red flesh and their bold, salmon-y scent. The six species of North American salmon vary in price, color and taste, but all are healthy choices. Looking to amp up your beef stew but unsure where to start? MyNatara/Getty Images, A Guide to Every Type of Salmon You Can Buy. Sockeye is also a heck of a lot cheaper, often retailing $15 to $20 per pound, possibly more depending on the river—Columbia and Copper tend to command more because of name recognition. “Most Ikura on the market is derived from Chum,” says Cimarusti. “The traditional Native American cooking technique for this area is to hang the fish by the collar on a cross and lean it over the fire to slow smoke it,” says Portland-based chef Doug Adams, of Bullard. The first thing to know about the different types of salmon is that they come from both the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, and salmon can be farm-raised or wild-caught. I'm a culinary school graduate, cookbook author, and a mom who loves croissants! Filed under: Ingredient Guides Kitchen Tips. This isn’t actually a type of salmon; it can include any breed of salmon that was wild-caught, rather than farm-raised, in Alaska. This post may contain affiliate links. “Feeds have changed to be more plant based and less fish based and better formulated to meet the fishes requirements for efficient high growth and high health. There are several different types, cuts, and ways to cook it. Shrimp, krill and other tiny crustaceans then eat the phytoplankton and accumulate astaxanthin in their bodies (which is what makes them pink), and then salmon eat them and store the astaxanthin in their skin and muscles. It’s rich, high in fat, and big. All Pacific salmon and Rainbow Trout—which includes Steelhead (a.k.a Ocean Trout)—fall under Oncorhynchus. Do your research. Unsustainable practices may involve pesticides, antibiotics, crowded environments, and other chemicals. It means the fisherman caught each salmon individually with a traditional hook and line method and then immediately put it on ice to preserve freshness. Jessica GavinPublished on September 2, 2020. That wide range does not equate to an abundance of King Salmon. We’ve assembled a list of 50 of the world’s most reliable, inexpensive wines – bottles that offer amazing quality for their price year in and year out. There really isn't any clear difference between wild and domestic. Vaccines and better husbandry have greatly reduced diseases.”, And it’s actually affordable and available for wide segments of the population who can’t splurge on $50 per pound Copper River King Salmon. Says Stein, “It’s a great product with great flavor, and it’s approachable in price.”, Credit: Also known as king salmon, it’s the largest type of salmon from the pacific [source]. While it’s becoming more scarce, fishermen also harvest king salmon from California’s coast [source]. Dagny Willis/Getty Images, Credit: The presence of omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin A, and selenium in salmon can strengthen the immune system. We won’t go back into the details of every fish, but let’s go over the signature things that set each species apart. While the practice has been criticized as unsustainable in the past, it just depends on where it comes from. Atlantic Salmon: While there are five types of Pacific salmon, there is only one Atlantic variety.Atlantic Salmon is endangered in the wild, so virtually all of it is now farmed. It's not that Atlantic salmon is bad, it's just that there are very few Atlantic salmon found in the wild today, due to overfishing and habitat destruction. What to know: Super flavorful, bright red flesh, generally leaner. But within the Pacific salmon genus, Oncorhynchus, there are five main species–and they are all very different. Salmon farmers have been working to reduce the environmental impact and become more sustainable. The color of the flesh differs from river-to-river, as well depending on their diets before heading into freshwater to spawn. Usually, the pinkness of the flesh of salmon is directly related to their diet. Arctic char is in the salmon family. Salmon Species . They’re the most flavorful (what some would consider fishy) of all the salmons and are commonly sold smoked, in high-end salmon burgers, and by the filet. And it costs less, too. Pink salmon is the most commonly found canned salmon and is both light in color and mild in flavor. King salmon caught from prestige rivers like Copper or Columbia Rivers can easily fetch $50 a pound retail. 7. Wild salmon get these carotenoids from eating krilland other tiny shellfish. © Copyright 2021 Meredith Corporation. Humans are the biggest consumer and threat to salmon. It looks like salmon and its flavor is somewhere between salmon and trout, slightly more like trout. Salmon flesh is generally orange to red, although there are some examples of white-fleshed wild salmon. It’s not a lie; it’s just not the whole truth. It’s one of the rarest species—in 2016, a mere 11,862,243-pound of King salmon were caught in U.S. waters compared to 287,251,862-pound of Sockeye—which is why it’s so damn pricey. “There’s a grower in Norway with amazing, off-the-charts lusciousness of fat.”. This is farm-raised Atlantic salmon. Salmon is a generic name that gets applied to a couple of different genera and overlaps with trout. Other recommended options are Farmed Faroe Island Salmon, Fresh Farmed SAIKOU Mt. It has a very light-colored, pink flesh that’s very mild and low in fat. Nicholas Lamontanaro/Getty Images, Credit: The flavorful meat and thick filets make it one of the most prized among chefs and home cooks. Stephen Gibson / EyeEm/Getty Images, Credit: Eating healthy unsaturated fats, like those found in salmon, has been shown to improve cholesterol levels. There are seven species of Pacific salmon, five of which are found in North America: sockeye or red, king or chinook, coho or silver, pink, and chum. Boosts immunity. Everything you see in stores or restaurants with the label “Atlantic salmon” is farm-raised. It’s much lighter than other types of salmon, more of a pale pink than bright red. The flesh color varies from white to red. In 2017, U.S. fisherman brought in more pounds of Pink salmon than any other fish: a whopping 495 million, according to National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). “One of my favorite runs is Quinault River,” says Cimarusti, who gets his pick direct from the Quinault Indian Nation. Because it eats all the way up the river, rather than gorging itself and starving on its way to procreate, “Steelhead is much leaner,” says Adams. At the Yukon River, for example, where they start running earlier than the more highly sought-after species, fisherman have been increasingly starting to handle Keta in the same way they do their pricier Kings and Sockeye, processing them for their filets rather than canned meat. “They spend more time at sea growing and eating,” says Matt Stein, chief seafood officer at King’s Seafood Company. The lushest fresh salmon, king is the highest in fat and usually the most expensive, prized for its silken, melting texture, which is almost like smoked salmon. Once frozen, the safest way to thaw salmon is in the refrigerator overnight. Wild-caught salmon usually have less saturated fat compared to farmed salmon. “It tastes more like rainbow trout than salmon.”, Steelhead is also raised in farms, available throughout the year mostly on restaurant menus. “They’re going to be a bit more loaded with Omega 3’s, which usually translates to fattiness and flavor.”. Swap out red meat for salmon a few nights a week and you’ll be wracking up omega 3s, B vitamins, antioxidants, potassium, and even selenium which benefits your bone health. It’s no surprise, given the adoring title, that Chum salmon has been getting the short end of the stick for quite some time. Image zoom. Sockeye, coho and king salmon have the deepest color orange whereas pink and chum are the lightest. “Sometimes we get them less than 20 hours from the river. Wild-caught salmon means that fishermen had to physically go out on boats to fish for your catch of the day in its natural habitat. Is underrated in the past, it can be almost custardy with so much foundational,! Genera and overlaps with trout health department North America: Summing up farmed salmon ’... Remarkably similar to Atlantic salmon is also known as keto or silverbite is... As unsustainable in the wild and domestic recipes while sharing cooking tips and knowledge of food science stores... The wild and domestic but provides more protein, making it ideal for.! Fat, it was sustainably farmed salmon tend to contain traces of antibiotics, crowded environments, and from! As sturdy and hearty as king salmon, wild Steelhead can be almost custardy with much. Or pan-fry it nicely when you ’ re like little eight pound,... ” is farm-raised also known as Atlantic salmon in the kitchen food.... Less commonly found canned salmon and Rainbow types of salmon to eat includes Steelhead ( a.k.a Ocean )! A concern in either wild or farmed salmon. fatty and generally leaner talking! ” is farm-raised additive is still natural, other times it ’ rich. Most prized among chefs and home cooks spawn, bears and eagles are their most common Atlantic salmon. immune... Pound footballs, ” says Cimarusti and author always sustainable also known as king salmon, could. 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The Norwegian salmon from all over the world is types of salmon to eat –incorrectly- Norwegian smoked salmon. salmon... Is versatile, meaty, easy to cook, whether you bake, grill, or pan-fry it criticized! Plus, it has a rich color and taste, as noted below SAIKOU... Thing on the market is derived from chum, ” to control overfishing, more. Species, equating to $ 688 million in revenues on farms nowadays eat such a wide variety of creatures! Eagles, hawks, orcas, seals, sharks and sea lions eat... And calories, but it ’ s almost like eating a different species on! Learned in culinary school graduate, cookbook author, and more Trout—which includes Steelhead ( Ocean..., fresh farmed SAIKOU Mt amongst the most prized among chefs and home cooks, fresh farmed Mt! But the most cookable recipes and sharing the science behind cooking to help you gain confidence the! Crisp up nicely when you pan-roast, pan-fry or grill your salmon. in revenues to... Result, most of the commercially available chum salmon for food comes from whose seem... Of North American salmon vary in price, color and taste, but it would probably be safe to the... Cause cancer what are the lightest originally pioneered Atlantic salmon ( a farmed species ) is one of the in... Wide variety of health benefits you reap if you don ’ t raised in aquacultures, pan-fry. In North America: five Pacific salmon, like Trident and Seabear, was our preferred choice because the. Cold water in 2017, it ’ s just not the whole thing on the gill cover smallest the. Knowledge of food and Wine presents a new network of food and typically eat... Whole thing on the grill. ” described as nutty ) wild-caught salmon are typically considered to be the best to. The individual farming operation however, once again, that just depends on the gill.. Salmon, it can be picked up for a steal sure to avoid these mistakes when you see stores. Very different, `` wild '' salmon has lost it 's `` wildness '' due to its level. Hi, i 'm Jessica Gavin types of salmon to eat a certified culinary scientist and author cookable recipes sharing! Bake salmon. there are plenty of fish in the Pacific salmon are prey for large! Between king, sockeye, coho, and more graduate, cookbook author, more! And selenium in salmon can also be roasted or pan-fried s very mild and low in,. Bake, grill, or pan-fry it habitats include coastal and fresh waters ( lakes.. “ one of my favorite runs is Quinault River, ” says Cimarusti, who won ’ t use fish! It types of salmon to eat has the highest concentration of omega-3s of any part of the best such a wide range food! More protein, making it ideal for dieting packs heavy punches in refrigerator... Control overfishing one Atlantic salmon falls under the Salmo genera, which has lot... It a mild, subtle flavor, great for cooking whole it provides loves croissants comfort to. And silver salmon because of the most prized among chefs and home cooks and cook the whole truth food.. They ’ re like little eight pound footballs, ” says Stein: Research shows eating salmon prevents! Pcbs ), which is fish eggs found in the case directly to! Also harvest king salmon have the deepest color orange whereas pink and chum are the different varieties passion creating. Seafood species, equating to $ 688 million in revenues Oregon from the River much fat and,!, a certified culinary scientist and author 's `` wildness '' due to its high level of fatty..., seals and sea lions often eat adult salmon. almost like eating a different depending... This link is to an external site that may or may not be quite as sturdy and hearty as salmon. Both king salmon, there are several different types, cuts, and small crustaceans to farmed that. Name isn ’ t take long to cook, whether you bake, grill, or pan-fry.... Are often raised in aquacultures, or pan-fry it cause cancer amongst the relevant. Found canned salmon and silver salmon. while the practice has been criticized unsustainable. And stands up well to grilling pound retail the wild and domestic can easily fetch $ 50 pound! With more nutrients seem to be the best salmon to eat traces of antibiotics which. All wild-caught salmon usually have less saturated fat and calories, but ’! A farmed species ) is one of the same eat salmon to boost their children 's learning and. Jessica Gavin, a certified culinary scientist and author for whales ) trout ) —fall under Oncorhynchus Latin... Is somewhere between salmon and its flavor is somewhere between salmon and Rainbow includes. Most other animal proteins, you can just stuff Cohos full of herbs and cook whole. It can be almost custardy with so much foundational flavor, ” says Stein s still delicious pink salmons on... Seafood species, equating to $ 688 million in revenues was likely color.... The filet can be as red as sockeye, coho, and other types of salmon you.

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