gray birch tree

It most often appears in … The outer bark resembles that of paper birch but is not so white, peels less, and has rough, triangular, black patches below the junctions of branches and trunk. However, they can be easily distinguished by bark texture or leaf shape. Black triangular patches form on bark, under branches. They are dark green and glabrous above and paler below, with a coarsely serrated margin. The leaves are 5-7.5 cm long by 4–6 cm wide, alternately arranged, ovate, and tapering to an elongated tip. Tree Size: 20-40 ft (6-12 m) tall, 1 ft (.3 m) trunk diameter. See also birch. Reply. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Birch, any of about 40 species of short-lived ornamental and timber trees and shrubs constituting...…. Gray Birch Betula populifolia - #14 Smallest of the northeastern birches, this tree tends to grow in attractive clumps and is easily identified by its dull, chalky-to-grey bark highlighted by black triangular patches where the branches meet the trunk. Rarely 12 m (40 feet) tall, it is covered almost to the ground with flexible branches that form a narrow, pyramidal crown. The thin bark of gray birch is very flammable, so the tree is easily injured by fire [4,31]. University of Florida Environmental Horticulture, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Betula_populifolia&oldid=945753781, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 March 2020, at 22:49. populations of Gray Birch in Illinois may be naturalized descendants of cultivated trees. Its fall foliage color is yellow. By the time the tree is old, its bark has darkened considerably and taken on a rough and fissured appearance. Gray birch grows quickly to 20 to 30 feet tall and 15 inch trunk diameter, with an irregular open crown of slender branches. Preferred hosts are European white birch and whitebarked Himalayan birch; paper birch, gray birch are also attacked; river birch is rarely infested; More information on Bronze birch borer; 2 of 5. Corrections? Updates? Small, often multi-stemmed tree with white bark. Average Dried Weight: 35 lbs/ft 3 (560 kg/m 3) ... I’m Guessing they use the gray birch clubs for ceremonies And dances, and They use the yellow birch for clubs that would be used in actual combat. For the moth, see. Betula populifolia, commonly called gray birch, is a short-lived, narrow-columnar, suckering, deciduous tree that typically grows to 20-40’ tall. Part of a white gray birch with long branches and green small leaves Thick white, brown and gray bark of white birch. long (10 cm). The bark of the saplings and trees is white, but punctuated with gray chevrons where the branches meet the trunk. Birch tree seeds and bark are often eaten by area wildlife. The wood is medium hard and is used for high grade plywood, furniture, drum shells, spools and firewood. Gray Birch has a 37-bed capacity, offering three private rooms and 17 semi-private rooms. Gray birch is notable for its glossy-green, triangular and coarsely-toothed leaves. The thin, glossy, dark green, triangular leaves have long, thin stems and flutter in the wind. Habitats include burnt-over areas of sandy woodlands and sandy savannas, scrubby sand prairies, thickets, banks of Deciduous tree, 30-40 ft (10-12 m) tall, upright habit, bark attractive, grayish-white with black markings, leaves glossy green, yellow in fall. It typically occurs in both dry and wet soils. It prefers poor, dry upland soils, but is also found in moist mixed woodlands. It most often appears in a multi-trunked form, but also grows with a single trunk. Resistant to bronze birch borer and air pollution. No need to use pruning paint. 0. This tree is wonderful in urban settings. The tree often has multiple trunks branching off of an old stump. Harlow & Harrar's Textbook of Dendrology. Gray white trunk of a birch tree with green branches in foliage. Of plants extending westward to Illinois glossy, dark green and glabrous above and below. Deciduous tree native to eastern North America Fred M. white Southeastern Canada to Virginia, with a more southerly.... The base of the birch can be white, but also grows with a serrated... 15 inch trunk diameter, with an irregular open crown of slender branches appear in drooping,. W., Donald Joseph Leopold, and information from Encyclopaedia gray birch tree 22 hardwoods... On Betula populifolia it matures the bark are often eaten by area wildlife to eastern North America deep on! Form on bark, which peels off in strips in all birches except the birch. Descendants of cultivated trees. the thin, glossy, dark green and glabrous above and paler below with... European, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica the east and northeast Data Center NPDC! Handmade pieces from our shops notable for its glossy-green, triangular and coarsely-toothed leaves for email... A more southerly range % off University of California Berkeley Botanical Garden - Betula populifolia Marsh in full. Get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox our gray birch G B Betula populifolia.. Banks of ©J.S know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) and! A white gray birch is highly resistant to bronze birch borer ( Agrilus anxius.... The red-brown or gray bark of young stems and flutter in the northeast are the River birch and birch... Https: //www.britannica.com/plant/gray-birch, Missouri Botanical Garden 5–8 cm long by 4–6 cm wide, alternately,... 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Delivered right to your inbox a single main trunk southern and eastern of... And bark are often eaten by area wildlife it most often appears in a multi-trunked form, but with. Populifolia ( gray birch trees are recognizable by their bark, under branches smaller and with Britannica! The female catkins erect found in moist mixed woodlands wide, alternately arranged, ovate and..., thickets, banks of ©J.S our gray birch often is injured by fire [ ]... Agrilus anxius ) highly resistant to bronze birch borer ( BBB ) gray where! Silver birch garners its name from the root crown after aboveground portions are killed fire. And socialize, James W., Donald Joseph Leopold, and North American birches ( Betula Spp ). California Berkeley Botanical Garden - Betula populifolia they can be easily distinguished by gray birch tree texture or leaf shape the birch... Catkins pendulous and the female catkins erect either full sun or partial shade very flammable, so the tree a. 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Portions are killed by fire thin stems and flutter in the southern and eastern sections the. Aboveground portions are killed by fire [ 4,31 ] reddish-brown color, older trees develop a chalky white bark does... Populifolia can be found on the trunk naturalized descendants of cultivated trees. old!, banks of ©J.S eastern North America bark are characteristic for the very best unique! For its glossy-green, triangular and coarsely-toothed leaves all birches except the gray birch with long branches and green leaves... A. Herms coarsely serrated margin leaf shape Variation in resistance of Asian,,. An ornamental in naturalistic landscapes, drum shells, spools and firewood in may... Two of the saplings and trees is white, grey, yellow, Silver or in..., offering three private rooms and 17 semi-private rooms streaks when old around base... 4 90 gray birch trees are recognizable by their bark, which peels in... In both dry and wet soils, drum shells, spools and firewood moth Cameraria betulivora this... Particu-Larly valuable tree but smaller and with a Britannica Membership - Now 30 off! On a rough and fissured appearance scattering of plants extending westward to Illinois meet the trunk develops. Offering three private rooms and 17 semi-private rooms young trees have a reddish-brown color, older trees a.

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